Rape and sexual assault

  • One in five women has experienced some form of sexual violence since the age of 16 (MoJ, Home Office, ONS, 2013) 
  • Approximately 85,000 women are raped and over 400,000 women are sexually assaulted in England and Wales every year. (MoJ, Home Office, ONS, 2013)
  • Sexual violence is even more prevalent for younger women as one in three teenage girls has experienced some form of sexual violence from a partner. (University of Bristol for NSPCC, 2009) 
  • Coercive control or pressure is used much more frequently by partners than physical force, as 16% of girls having been raped using pressure and coercion and 6% have been raped using physical force. (University of Bristol for NSPCC, 2009)
  • Young women and girls affected by gangs experience high levels of sexual violence including sexual exploitation, sexual assault, individual rape and multiple perpetrator rape. (University of Bedfordshire for the OCC, 2013)
  • In 2013, the police recorded at least 1,052 reports of sexual violence in schools, of which 134 were reported as rape. (FOI, 2014)
  • 31% of young women aged 18-24 report having experienced sexual abuse in childhood; 90% are abused by someone they know and 66% are abused by other children or young people under 18. (NSPCC, 2011) 
  • In 2012-2013, 22,654 sexual offences against under-18s were reported to police in England and Wales with four out of five cases involving girls. (NSPCC, 2014)
  • Most women in the UK do not have access to a Rape Crisis Centre (Map of Gaps, 2007).
  • A third of people believe women who flirt are partially responsible for being raped (Amnesty, 2005)
  • Conviction rates for rape are far lower than other crimes (Kelly, Lovett and Regan, A gap or a chasm? Attrition in reported rape cases, 2005). Only 5.7% of reported rape cases end in a conviction for the perpetrator.

 

Resources

Police have “Osman” duty to investigate in date rape cases One Crown Office Row, 2014

Responding to the challenge of rape myths in court: A guide for prosecutors Dr Nina Burrowes, March 2013

Forging the links: Rape investigation and prosecution HMIC 2012

The Crisis in Rape Crisis Women's Resource Centre and Rape Crisis England and Wales, March 2008

Not either/or but both/and; Why we need Rape Crisis Centres and Sexual Assault Referral Centres EVAW, CWASU, Rape Crisis, Fawcett

Map of Gaps End Violence Against Women and Equality and Human Rights Commission, November 2007

Without Consent HMCPSI and HMIC Thematic Report, 2007

A Gap or a Chasm L Kelly et al, Home Office Research Study 293, February 2005